A proxy war between Britain and Russia led to 50 years of humanitarian crisis. The Russians invaded Afghanistan and the British 'helped the locals' by providing them with weapons. Russian media told its population they were building schools. It was framed to the local people of Afghanistan as a fight for Islam and the political Islamic group, Mujahideen were created. The US 'trained' the Afgan soldiers. Osama Bin Laden was a Saudi who collected fighters for Islam. He formed a different group called Al-Qaeda. The Soviets and Iran (Shi'a ) were supporting the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA; a Marxist–Leninist political party established in 1965) against the Mujahideen (Sunni).

The Soviets withdraw in the 1990s, by which time 1.5 million people were dead and 5 million people were disabled. The conflict then turned into an internal civil war between different factions within Afghanistan (all the disabled people came under attack). The Taliban were created in approximately 1994 although is traced back to the Pashtun Mujahideen groups. They were based on zealous adherence to religious law. 'Taliban' means student. They were educated in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Many of them had become disabled. They have tried to apply a strict interpretation of Islam as part of Islamic religious duty although many of the interpretations have been incorrect and they brutally enforced 'rules' preventing women from being educated and getting medical treatment.


Haiti was renowned as a resistant and self-respecting people who overcame their colonisers and retook independence. The country suffered one debilitating crush after the other until the situation in the country became a global crisis. 

Israel/Palestine Crisis

Serious conflict began again on 7 October 2023, following a Hamas invasion, Israeli military operations have had catastrophic results to civilians and civilian infrastructure.

Sudan (Sudan and South Sudan, Abyei)

The Arab immigrant North was separated from the African Kushite South by the West. Several decades later, the West identified oil on the border and a war broke out that has lasted 30 years. South Sudan has now also developed another internal crisis between the South Sudanese government and rebels. 


The Syrian civil war entered its twelfth year in 2023, with more than half the population displaced and a grim humanitarian, political and economic crisis continuing. The United Nations Security Council has not reached consensus, including on the issue of access of humanitarian aid to the north-west bordering Türkiye, despite soaring needs following a series of earthquakes that laid waste to the region in early February.


Yemen united its divided country in 1990 although it's leader was accused of supporting terrorism. When the leader was ousted by the people in 2011 as part of the 'Arab Spring' revolutions, Yemen did not succeed as expected and instead was plunged into long-term chaos. The narrative is that there is a proxy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran who are supporting either of the two redivided sides of Yemen. Saudi Arabia is working with the British and Americans. Continued outbreaks of violence highlighted the need for a formal ceasefire in a country where millions needed humanitarian assistance.


Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh region in the South Caucasus

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Central African Republic



Great Lakes Region









Somalia, Ethiopia, Horn of Africa

West Africa, Central Africa and the Sahel Region

Western Sahara